Journal Watch - HD
PD vs. HD for Quality of Life
Eleven studies from 2000 to 2019 (N=3,711) comparing PD with in-center HD (ICHD), PD vs. home HD, ICHD vs. self-care ICHD, ICHD vs. home HD, and various home HD modalities with each other were analyzed to determine the impact of modality on quality of life. PD was favored in some domains, while ICHD was favored in others. Home HD was rated significantly higher than ICHD for some domains.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-11-12)
Converting In-center HD Patients to Home: the Importance of Belief
A small, cross-sectional study (n=44) interviewed patients who were and were not considering home HD. Only 68% of patients said they’d heard about the benefits of home HD. The cohort who were willing to consider it were significantly more likely to believe that self-care and home HD would improve their quality of life, particularly travel, better health outcomes, and the comfort of being at home.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-09-11)
International Use of HD—Including Home HD
A new survey of stakeholders in 182 countries (with respondents from 160 countries) found a use rate for HD of 298.4 per million. Among incident dialysis patients, the HD rate was 98.0. Standard in-center HD was available among 27% of low-income countries (and these patients paid more of the costs); home HD was available in 36% of high-income countries. Monitoring of patient-reported outcomes was done in 61% of countries, while 60% monitored bone minerals and patient survival, and 51% monitored technique survival. Just 5% of countries initiated patients on HD with arteriovenous access.
Read the abstract » | (added 2020-09-11)
Transplant Survival Better After PD Than Standard In-center HD
Is there an advantage to PD over standard in-center HD for transplant graft survival? YES, suggests a 15-year retrospective study of 2,277 transplant recipients. Those who did PD prior to transplant were 34.5% more likely to survive, and had less frequent rejection. Living donor kidneys did best among patients who received transplants before starting dialysis—or did PD.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-11-16)
Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) in PD vs. HD
A Korean registry analysis of 132,083 dialysis patients between 1985 and 2017 found that SCD caused 19.6% of the 34,632 deaths. Even after adjusting for age and significant comorbidities, HD was independently associated with SCD, as was diabetes.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-10-14)
To Reinsert a PD Catheter or Not to Reinsert: That is the Question
Among 470 PD patients in Singapore, 92 required PD catheter removal. Of these, 39% had a second PD catheter placed, while the rest switched to HD. Patients who could not continue PD were excluded from the analysis. Survival was about the same in both groups. Surprisingly, those who required catheter removal due to infection were more likely to be able to continue PD than those who required it due to catheter malfunction.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-05-15)
Most Cost Effective Dialysis Options: Metaanalysis
An analysis of 16 economic studies from both high- and low-income countries determined that home dialysis options are less costly and offer comparable—or better—health outcomes than in-center HD. Quality of life concerns were rarely investigated, however.
Read the abstract » | (added 2019-02-14)
PD and Dialysis Patient Employment
In a Swedish study, 4,734 working-age (20-60 years old) patients who survived at least one year on in-center HD or PD were compared. Patients using PD had a 4% increased probability of employment over in-center HD—as well as a 6% lower disability pension and higher work income. Read the abstract
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-10-12)
Nocturnal HD is Underused
A new review suggests that the improved outcomes associated with more hours of HD in-center or at home mean that these options should be used more. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-09-10)
Vascular access for high-risk PD patients
Which PD patients are at risk for technique failure and should proactively have a vascular access placed for HD? A case-control study compared 72 patients who were transferred from PD to HD to 111 controls who stayed on PD, received a transplant, recovered kidney function, or passed away. Low adequacy or serum albumin, hospitalizations, and peritonitis were predictors of a transfer to HD. Read the abstract.
Read the abstract » | (added 2018-07-13)